What is Cancer?
Cancer is a disease in which some of the body’s cells grow uncontrollably and spread to other parts of the body.
Cancer can start almost anywhere in the human body, which is made up of trillions of cells. Normally, human cells grow and multiply (through a process called cell division) to form new cells as the body needs them. When cells grow old or become damaged, they die, and new cells take their place.
Sometimes this orderly process breaks down, and abnormal or damaged cells grow and multiply when they shouldn’t. These cells may form tumors, which are lumps of tissue. Tumors can be cancerous or not cancerous.
Types of cancer
· Multiple Myeloma
· Brain and Spinal Cord Tumors
Taking care of cancer at home
Cancer is one of the most dangerous and deadly diseases one can have and have killed numerous amount of people till date, The World Cancer Report said that according to the estimated cancer burden in India in 2018, there are about 1.16 million new cancer cases, 784,800 cancer deaths, and 2.26 million 5-year prevalent cases in India’s population of 1.35 billion.
Cancer therapy can be a lot expensive and many people cannot afford it, there are many procedures, therapies and the patient is called in the hospital hundreds of time. All this can be very expensive for an average family having nominal income, and taking care at home can be a very hard for the family as there are many things about cancer patients people aren’t able to take care of.
The best option to take of a cancer patient at home is hiring professional doctors and nurses from an agency as they are professionals and know exactly how to take care of the patients, and what steps and measures to be taken in case of emergencies.
Hiring them can be a great deal for the families as they are very cost efficient and have the knowledge and ability to take care of the patients as they have acquired knowledge and skills for this purpose with many years of training.
How cancer spreads
As a cancerous tumor grows, the bloodstream or lymphatic system may carry cancer cells to other parts of the body. During this process, the cancer cells grow and may develop into new tumors. This is known as metastasis.
One of the first places a cancer often spreads is to the lymph nodes. Lymph nodes are tiny, bean-shaped organs that help fight infection. They are located in clusters in different parts of the body, such as the neck, groin area, and under the arms.
Cancer may also spread through the bloodstream to distant parts of the body. These parts may include the bones, liver, lungs, or brain. Even if the cancer spreads, it is still named for the area where it began. For example, if breast cancer spreads to the lungs, it is called metastatic breast cancer, not lung cancer.